Aided by better education for healthcare providers and patients, there has been a nearly one-third decline in the total amount of opioids prescribed since President Trump took office through Juneaccording to HHS estimates. Which smart home gadget should you buy first?
Google also just partnered with Lenovo on the Lenovo Smart Clock. The Lenovo Smart Clock lacks a few of the other traditional smart display features, though. Enter the Echo Show 5, which keeps all the customary smart display tricks of a full-sized Echo Show and added the best parts of the Lenovo Smart Clock like the sunrise alarm. You can buy the Echo Show 5 via Amazon now and it starts shipping to customers on Wednesday, June Other than those buttons on the top, the back of the Echo Show 5 has a spot for the power cord and an output jack for a 3.
You can plug the Echo Show 5 into your own speakers if you want beefier sound. The fabric cover and the sloping back look somewhat similar to a full-sized Echo Show, only the Echo Show 5 is much smaller. Plug it in to get started and the Echo Show 5 will walk you through setup. You generally need the Google Home app to change settings on the Nest Hub, so the Echo Show 5 is more self-sufficient. You can also browse the web freely on the Echo Show 5 with both the Firefox and Amazon Silk browsers.
You can search the web, make a call, play music, check your calendar, control your smart home gadgets and much, much more. Alexa is a truly robust digital assistant. You can also use the touchscreen to watch videos and make video calls. You can call other Alexa devices and check on the feed of connected security cams. The Echo Show 5 works with various news sites like Reuters for daily briefings.
You can access them if you go through the built-in browsers, but it feels like a workaround. Scroll left from the right side of the screen for a new control panel that includes shortcuts for alarms, watching videos, playing music, controlling your smart home, seeing your skills basically apps for Alexa and communicating with other Alexa devices.
Swipe left from the far ride side for this shortcut menu note the routines button will likely be replaced by the time the Echo Show 5 ships. The smart home control panel has been overhauled. Previously, you could see one giant list of all of your groups and devices. Now, hit the smart home button, and Alexa offers better organization.
Find the right device and you can control it with a tap. Tap the name of the device for more detailed options like brightness for a lightbulb. Video and music pull up entertainment choices. Alarms let you quickly set a wake up time. Communicate lets you make an announcement, send a message, call or drop in on other Alexa devices.
According to an Amazon rep, that shortcut will replace "routines" in the picture above by the time the Echo Show 5 ships on June As before, you can make voice calls to anyone in your contacts, or video calls through the Alexa app or Skype. You can also view the camera feed of any other Amazon smart display on your account. The drop down menu of each has a "do not disturb" button if you want to disable that for a particular device. The Nest Hub Max offers a larger screen and face-tracking camera tech.
We liked the original Now there Be respectful, keep it civil and stay on topic. We delete comments that violate our policy , which we encourage you to read. Discussion threads can be closed at any time at our discretion.
See It. CNET may get a commission from these offers. There are different types of cost estimators, whose title may be preceded by a modifier, such as building estimator , or electrical estimator, or chief estimator.
Other professionals such as quantity surveyors and cost engineers may also prepare cost estimates or contribute to cost estimates. The U. Government Accountability Office GAO defines a cost estimate as "the summation of individual cost elements, using established methods and valid data, to estimate the future costs of a program, based on what is known today".
The GAO reports that "realistic cost estimating was imperative when making wise decisions in acquiring new systems. A cost estimate is often used to establish a budget as the cost constraint for a project or operation. In project management , project cost management is a major functional division.
Cost estimating is one of three activities performed in project cost management. In cost engineering , cost estimation is a basic activity. A cost engineering reference book has chapters on capital investment cost estimation and operating cost estimation.
The fixed capital investment provides the physical facilities. The working capital investment is a revolving fund to keep the facilities operating. In system, product, or facility acquisition planning, a cost estimate is used to evaluate the required funding and to compare with bids or tenders. In construction contracting, a cost estimate is usually prepared to submit a bid or tender to compete for a contract award.
In an attempt to manage liability risk, some firms avoid the use of the word estimate and instead refer to the estimate as an "Opinion of Probable Cost. Various projects and operations have distinct types of cost estimating, which vary in their composition and preparation methods. Some of the major areas include:. These correspond to modern published classes 5, 3, and 1, respectively.
Department of Energy and many others use a system of five classes of estimates:. Methods used to prepare the estimates range from stochastic or judgment at early definition to deterministic at later definition. Some estimates use mixed methods. Estimate quality refers to the delineation of quality requirements for the estimate. These requirements are set out in accordance with official quality assurance standards. There may also be other expectations for the estimate which are not specific requirements, but may affect the perceived quality of the estimate.
Published quality requirements generally have to do with credibility, accuracy, confidence level, precision, risk, reliability, and validity of the estimate, as well as thoroughness, uniformity, consistency, verification, and documentation. The bidder ultimately will go out of business; the only question is how long will it take. Since a cost estimate is the approximation of the cost of a project or operation, then estimate accuracy is a measure of how closely the estimate is able to predict the actual expenditures for the project or operation.
This can only be known after the project is completed. If the project ended up having a different scope or conditions, an unadjusted computation does not fairly assess the estimate accuracy. Predictions of the estimate accuracy may accompany the estimate. Typically this is expressed as a range higher or lower as compared with the point estimate with an expected probability that the actual cost will fall in the range.
The accuracy of an early estimate relates to the estimate quality. Factors affecting the quality of the estimate include the people who prepared the estimate, how the estimate was prepared, and what was known about the project. High-quality cost estimates can be produced by following a rigor of 12 steps  outlined by the U. Detailed documentation is recommended to accompany the estimate. Therefore, a good cost estimate—while taking the form of a single number—is supported by detailed documentation that describes how it was derived and how the expected funding will be spent in order to achieve a given objective.
Additional documentation may accompany the estimate, including quantity takeoff documentation and supporting calculations, quotes, etc. Although the pursuit of cost estimate accuracy should always be encouraged, a study in found that the estimates used to determine whether important infrastructure should be built were "highly and systematically misleading.
A contingency may be included in an estimate to provide for unknown costs which are indicated as likely to occur by experience, but are not identifiable. When using an estimate which has no contingency to set a budget or to set aside funding, a contingency is often added to improve the probability that the budget or funding will be adequate to complete the project.
See cost contingency for more information. The estimate or budget contingency is not intended to compensate for poor estimate quality, and is not intended to fund design growth, owner changes, or anything else unrelated to delivering the scope as defined in the estimate documentation.
Generally more contingency is needed for earlier estimates due to the higher uncertainty of estimate accuracy. Estimating methods may vary by type and class of estimate. The method used for most definitive estimates is to fully define and understand the scope, take off or quantify the scope, and apply costing to the scope, which can then be summed to a total cost.
Proper documentation and review are also important. Pricing transforms the cost estimate into what the firm wishes to charge for the scope. Early estimates may employ various means of cost modeling. The basic characteristics of effective estimating include: clear identification of task, broad participation in preparing estimates, availability of valid data, standardized structure for the estimate, provision for program uncertainties, recognition of inflation, recognition of excluded costs, independent review of estimates, and revision of estimates for significant program changes.
These best practices represent an overall process of established, repeatable methods that result in high-quality cost estimates that are comprehensive and accurate and that can be easily and clearly traced, replicated, and updated. Tools that may be part of costs estimation are cost indexes. These factors promote time adjustment of capital costs, following changes in technology, availability of materials and labor, and inflation.
Estimates for the cost of facility construction are a major part of the cost estimate domain. A construction general contractor or subcontractor must normally prepare definitive cost estimates to prepare bids in the construction bidding process to compete for award of the contract.
Although many estimators participate in the bidding and procurement processes, those are not a necessary function of cost estimate preparation. Earlier estimates are prepared by differing methods by estimators and others to support the planning process and to compare with bids.
One way to make those estimates is by determining the resources needed e. One advantage of making estimates in this way is that it allows for the segregation of quantities and costs.Закладка в тексте
Если ваше сообщение было удалено в связи с жалобами других и насколько активно они участвуют. Уравнения с одной переменной. Cost их свойства Треугольник. Системы и совокупности уравнений. PARAGRAPHУмножение и деление рациональных. Понятие следствия уравнения Посторонние корни. А это страница справки, здесь. Эксперт Серебряный эксперт по продуктам конфиденциальности Условия предоставления услуг Отправить отзыв. Уровень участника отражает его активность на форумах: чем активнее пользователь. Решение систем двух уравнений.2 Unit 5 storied Building plan 38'x44' with cost - 5 storied building cost
5 1+tet -tet=—. tg"t — tgt J1+te"t Так как 1+1g"t = —, то получаем СОS 1 1 - 5-cost | 1 5 СОS 1 1 |cost 2 2 2 СОS 1 2 7 77 Так как cost > 0 при -(-;:) то. I like to add more 20 GB storage that cost me 5 dollars a year but i do not have a credit card to pay it, can you give me different mode of payment? thanks and. 2 мы должны въ формулѣ (5), вмѣсто p поставить p,—$ для наблюденія на a=cos(p,—5) sinд —sin (r,—5) cos 3 cost+tga cos ó sin t, sin (f+c)sec a=cos.187 188 189 190 191